Single Base Smokeless Powder MSDS


MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET 

IMR POWDER COMPANY


    IDENTIFICATION


NAME: SINGLE BASE SMOKELESS POWDER

Trade Names and Synonyms: 
IMR ####, SR ####, PB

####= Number Designation for Products 

MANUFACTURER 

Product Information Phone:     (913) 362-9455
  

HAZARDOUS COMPONENTS
CHEMICAL                CAS NUMBER
Nitrocellulose                9004-70-0
2, 4-Dinitrotoluene                121-14-2

 

PHYSICAL DATA
Specific Gravity:               1.65 
Solubility in H20:             Negligible
Color:                                Black
Form:                                 Perforated or non perforated small discs or perforated cylinders.

 


    HAZARDOUS REACTIVITY


INSTABILITY:
  Unstable with heat, Unstable with static charges. Unstable with impact. Not hazardous if product used properly.
INCOMPATIBILITY:
  Incompatible with acids, alkalis, oxidants.
DECOMPOSITION:
  Decomposes with heat. Hazardous gases produced are carbon monoxide. Decomposes with impact, static charges.
POLYMERIZATION:
 Polymerization will not occur.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA
 Ignition temperature: 160-170 degC

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS
 Hazardous gases produced in fire are carbon monoxide. 1.3C Explosive (DOT)>100 lbs.;
 Flammable Solid 100 lbs. or less. Burns uncontrollably. Produces shrapnel if confined.

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
 None

SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
 Do not fight fire. Isolate area. Evacuate personnel to a safe area.
 Guard against intruders.


    HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION


PRINCIPAL HEALTH HAZARDS
  These products have not been tested for toxicity. They are 1.3C Explosives and burning, confined or unconfined, can cause physical injury, including death. The toxicity effects given below for the hazardous components may result from gross chronic or acute overexposure to the products by inhalation, eye or skin contact or ingestion.

2, 4-DINITROTOLUENE
  Inhalation LC50: 2.87 mg/1, 1 hour in rats.
  Skin absorption ALD: >1,000 mg/kg in rabbits.
  Oral LD50: 177 mg/kg in rats.

  This compound is toxic by inhalation and ingestion. It is a skin and eye irritant. Toxic effects described in animals from exposure by inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact include nonspecific effects such as reduced weight gain, methemoglobinemia and effects on the central nervous system, the reproductive system, and bone marrow. In animal tests, technical grade 2,4-dinitrotoluene has carcinogenic activity. Tests for mutagenic activity in bacterial and mammalian cell cultures have been both positive and negative. It has demonstrated no embryo toxic activity in animals. It produces testicular degeneration and decreased spermatogenesis in rats, mice and dogs. Reduction in male fertility occurs in dominant lethal studies in rats.

  Human health effects from overexposure by inhalation, skin or eye contact, or ingestion may initially include reduction of the blood's oxygen carrying capacity with cyanosis, weakness, or shortness of breath by methemoglobin formation; nonspecific discomfort such as nausea, headache, confusion, incoordination, loss of consciousness; temporary lung irritation effects with cough, discomfort, difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath; or joint pain. The compound appears to be able to significantly permeate the skin. Individuals with pre-existing diseases of the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, lungs, or reproductive organs may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures.

NITROCELLULOSE
  Oral LD50: >5,000 mg/kg in rats

  The compound is not a skin or eye irritant.

CARCINOGENICITY
  None of the component(s) of this material is listed as a carcinogen by HTP, IARC, or OSHA

EXPOSURE LIMITS
  TLV* (ACGIH) : None established.
  PEL (OSHA) : None established.
  *TLV is a registered trademark.

  2,4-Dinotrotoluene: AEL   0.5mg/M3, 8&12 hr TWA Skin
                              PEL (OSHA) 1.5mg/M3, skin
                              TLV (ACGIH) 1.5mg/M3, skin


    SAFETY INFORMATION


SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
  Do not breathe dust. Do not get in eyes. Do not get on skin. Do not get on clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash clothing after use. Don't breathe burning powder fumes. Keep out of reach of children.

FIRST AID

INHALATION:
  If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration, preferably mouth-to-mouth. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Call a physician.

SKIN CONTACT:
  In case of contact, wash skin with soap and plenty of water.

EYE CONTACT
  In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Call a physician.

INGESTION
  If swallowed, induce vomiting immediately by giving two glasses of water and sticking finger down throat. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a physician.

NOTE: Burning smokeless powder may cause extensive and deep burns. Get medical attention immediately. Immerse burned area in cold water.

NOTE TO PHYSICIAN: Absorption of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene into the body may lead to the formation of methemoglobin that, in sufficient concentration, causes cyanosis, since reversion of methemoglobin to hemoglobin occurs spontaneously after termination of exposure, moderate degrees of cyanosis need be treated only by supportive measures such as bed rest and oxygen inhalation. Thorough cleansing of the entire contaminated area of the body, including scalp and nails is the utmost importance. If cyanosis is severe, intravenous injection of methylene blue, one milligram per kilogram of body weight, may be of value. Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12), one milligram intramuscularly, may speed recovery. Intravenous fluids and blood transfusions may be indicated in very severe exposure.


    PROTECTION INFORMATION  


GENERALLY APPLICABLE CONTROL MEASURES AND PRECAUTIONS
Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flames. Keep container in a cool place. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid dust generation. Do not mix with acids or alkalis. Do not consume food, drink or tobacco in areas where they may become contaminated with this material. Use spark proof tools and equipment. Do not allow powder to accumulate in exhaust systems.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
  Safety glasses. Protective cotton gloves.


    SPILL, LEAK, OR RELEASE 


  Review FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS before proceeding with clean up. Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean up.

Control access to area. Remove source of heat, sparks, flame, impact, friction or electricity. Pick up by hand for disposal. Do no use power equipment. Do not use damaged or wet material. Never return to container for reuse. Use non sparking tools for cleanup.

WASTE DISPOSAL
  Do not burn. Consult an explosives manufacturer for recommended methods of destroying explosive materials. Comply with applicable Federal Regulations under the authority of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (40 CFR, parts 260-271). May be stored under water until disposed of.    


    SHIPPING INFORMATION 


Check manufacturer or shipper for specific information.

 


    STORAGE CONDITIONS  


Store in well ventilated area. Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed. Do not store with other explosives. Store in accordance with National Fire Protection Assoc. regulations. Store in accordance with Federal Regulations. Do not store or consume food, drink, or tobacco in areas where they may become contaminated with this material. Store in approved type magazine.


    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AND REFERENCES 


PERSONS HANDLING EXPLOSIVES MUST BE TRAINED IN THE CORRECT PROCEDURES FOR THEIR USE.

Date of latest Revision: May, 1, 2001
Person Responsible for MSDS: Safety Officer

Address: P.O. Box 2932
                  Shawnee
Mission, KS 66201

Telephone: (913) 362-9455


 

 

Send mail to help@imrpowder.com with questions or comments.
IMR Phone 913-362-9455 Fax 913-362-1307
Copyright 2005 IMR All rights reserved.