MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
IMR POWDER COMPANY
NAME: SINGLE BASE SMOKELESS POWDER
Trade Names and Synonyms:
####= Number Designation for Products
Product Information Phone: (913) 362-9455
FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
PRINCIPAL HEALTH HAZARDS
This compound is toxic by inhalation and ingestion. It is a skin and eye irritant. Toxic effects described in animals from exposure by inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact include nonspecific effects such as reduced weight gain, methemoglobinemia and effects on the central nervous system, the reproductive system, and bone marrow. In animal tests, technical grade 2,4-dinitrotoluene has carcinogenic activity. Tests for mutagenic activity in bacterial and mammalian cell cultures have been both positive and negative. It has demonstrated no embryo toxic activity in animals. It produces testicular degeneration and decreased spermatogenesis in rats, mice and dogs. Reduction in male fertility occurs in dominant lethal studies in rats.
Human health effects from overexposure by inhalation, skin or eye contact, or ingestion may initially include reduction of the blood's oxygen carrying capacity with cyanosis, weakness, or shortness of breath by methemoglobin formation; nonspecific discomfort such as nausea, headache, confusion, incoordination, loss of consciousness; temporary lung irritation effects with cough, discomfort, difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath; or joint pain. The compound appears to be able to significantly permeate the skin. Individuals with pre-existing diseases of the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, lungs, or reproductive organs may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures.
The compound is not a skin or eye irritant.
2,4-Dinotrotoluene: AEL 0.5mg/M3, 8&12 hr TWA Skin
NOTE: Burning smokeless powder may cause extensive and deep burns. Get medical attention immediately. Immerse burned area in cold water.
NOTE TO PHYSICIAN: Absorption of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene into the body may lead to the formation of methemoglobin that, in sufficient concentration, causes cyanosis, since reversion of methemoglobin to hemoglobin occurs spontaneously after termination of exposure, moderate degrees of cyanosis need be treated only by supportive measures such as bed rest and oxygen inhalation. Thorough cleansing of the entire contaminated area of the body, including scalp and nails is the utmost importance. If cyanosis is severe, intravenous injection of methylene blue, one milligram per kilogram of body weight, may be of value. Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12), one milligram intramuscularly, may speed recovery. Intravenous fluids and blood transfusions may be indicated in very severe exposure.
GENERALLY APPLICABLE CONTROL MEASURES AND PRECAUTIONS
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
SPILL, LEAK, OR RELEASE
Review FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS before proceeding with clean up. Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean up.
Control access to area. Remove source of heat, sparks, flame, impact, friction or electricity. Pick up by hand for disposal. Do no use power equipment. Do not use damaged or wet material. Never return to container for reuse. Use non sparking tools for cleanup.
Check manufacturer or shipper for specific information.
Store in well ventilated area. Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed. Do not store with other explosives. Store in accordance with National Fire Protection Assoc. regulations. Store in accordance with Federal Regulations. Do not store or consume food, drink, or tobacco in areas where they may become contaminated with this material. Store in approved type magazine.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AND REFERENCES
PERSONS HANDLING EXPLOSIVES MUST BE TRAINED IN THE CORRECT PROCEDURES FOR THEIR USE.
Date of latest Revision: May, 1, 2001
Telephone: (913) 362-9455
mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
with questions or comments.
IMR Phone 913-362-9455 Fax 913-362-1307
Copyright © 2005 IMR All rights reserved.