Material Safety Data Sheet
Benzoic Acid

ACC# 02720
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Benzoic Acid
Catalog Numbers: S79916, A63-500, A65-500, A68-30, S76783
Benzenemethanoic acid; Benzenecarboxylic acid; Phenylcarboxylic acid; Phenylformic acid; Benzoate; Carboxybenzene; Benzeneformic acid; Dracylic acid.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
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Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
65-85-0 Benzoic acid 100 200-618-2

Hazard Symbols:
Risk Phrases:

Section 3 - Hazards Identification


Appearance: white. Warning! Causes respiratory tract irritation. Causes severe eye irritation and possible injury. Causes moderate skin irritation. May cause allergic skin reaction. May be harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin.
Target Organs: Lungs, eyes, skin.

Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes severe eye irritation and possible injury. Inhalation of dust may cause tearing.
Skin: Causes moderate skin irritation. May cause allergic contact dermatitis. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. Absorption throug h the skin has produced labored breathing in humans.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation: Inhalation of dust may cause irritation of the nose and throat. Intermittent breathing of dust over a 4-week period produced interstit ial fibrosis in the lungs of rats. Benzoic acid begins to sublime at 1 00C.
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin: In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Cover with soda ash or sodium bicarbonate and place in a closed container for disposal.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well-ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Wash clothing before reuse. Avoid breathing dust.
Storage: Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Benzoic acid none listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Benzoic acid: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State: Crystalline powder
Appearance: white
Odor: pleasant odor
pH: 2.8 (sat soln)
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg @ 96 deg C
Vapor Density: 4.21 (air=1)
Evaporation Rate:Negligible.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 249 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:122-123 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 571 deg C ( 1,059.80 deg F)
Flash Point: 121 deg C ( 249.80 deg F)
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
Solubility: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:1.3210g/cm3
Molecular Formula:C7H6O2
Molecular Weight:122.12

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Volatile in steam.
Conditions to Avoid: Dust generation, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, amines, ammonia, isocyanates.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

CAS# 65-85-0: DG0875000
CAS# 65-85-0:
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = >26 mg/m3/1H;
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1940 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 1700 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = >10 gm/kg;
CAS# 65-85-0: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: Benzoic acid and sodium benzoate have been tested for mutagenicity or genotoxicity in prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and several mammalian test systems. No positive results have been reported. RTECS data for benzoic acid: Mutations in microorganisms: Escherichia coli = 10 mmol/L. DNA inhibition: Human lymphocyte = 5 mmol/L. EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Negative: Histidine reversion-Ames test; S cerevisiae-homozygosis.
Other Studies: Standard Draize Test: Administration onto the skin (rabbit) = 500 mg/24H (Mild). Standard Draize Test: Administrati on into the eye (rabbit) = 100 mg (Severe). Standard Dra ize Test: Administration onto skin (human) = 22mg/3D (Interm ittent)--(Moderate).

Section 12 - Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Fish: Mosquito Fish: LC50 = 180 mg/L; 96 Hr; Unspecified ria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 16.9 mg/L; 96 Hr; Microtox test @ 15C If released on land, benzoic acid should leach into the ground due to its low soil adsorption and biodegrade (half-life <1 wk). If released in water, benzoic acid should also readily biodegrade (half-life 0.2-3.6 days). Adsorption to sediment and volatilization should not be significant.
Environmental: No information available.
Physical: No information available.
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

Shipping Name: No information available. BENZOIC ACID
Hazard Class: 9.2
UN Number: UN9094
Packing Group: III
Additional Info: REGULATED LIMIT 230 KG

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.

Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 65-85-0: final RQ = 5000 pounds (2270 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
CAS # 65-85-0: acute.
Section 313
No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 65-85-0 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed. European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
Risk Phrases:

R 22 Harmful if swallowed.

Safety Phrases:

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

CAS# 65-85-0: 1
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
This product has a WHMIS classification of D2B.
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 2/15/1999
Revision #5 Date: 9/28/2001
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.