Material Safety Data
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company
MSDS Name: Benzoic Acid
Catalog Numbers: S79916, A63-500, A65-500, A68-30, S76783
Synonyms: Benzenemethanoic acid; Benzenecarboxylic acid;
Phenylcarboxylic acid; Phenylformic acid; Benzoate; Carboxybenzene;
Benzeneformic acid; Dracylic acid.
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance,
Section 2 -
Composition, Information on Ingredients
Risk Phrases: 22
Section 3 - Hazards
Appearance: white. Warning! Causes respiratory tract
irritation. Causes severe eye irritation and possible injury. Causes moderate
skin irritation. May cause allergic skin reaction. May be harmful if swallowed,
inhaled, or absorbed through the skin.
Lungs, eyes, skin.
Eye: Causes severe eye irritation and
possible injury. Inhalation of dust may cause tearing.
Skin: Causes moderate skin irritation. May cause allergic
contact dermatitis. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts.
Absorption throug h the skin has produced labored breathing in humans.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with
nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation: Inhalation of dust may cause irritation of the
nose and throat. Intermittent breathing of dust over a 4-week period produced
interstit ial fibrosis in the lungs of rats. Benzoic acid begins to sublime at 1
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause
Section 4 - First Aid
Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes
with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin: In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water.
Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops
and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not
breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically
Section 5 - Fire
Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus
in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective
gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used
to fight fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated
by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and
reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon
dioxide, or chemical foam.
Section 6 -
Accidental Release Measures
Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in
Spills/Leaks: Avoid runoff into storm sewers and
ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing
precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty
conditions. Provide ventilation. Cover with soda ash or sodium bicarbonate and
place in a closed container for disposal.
Section 7 - Handling
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only
in a well-ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid
contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Wash clothing before reuse. Avoid
Storage: Store in a cool, dry,
well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Section 8 - Exposure
Controls, Personal Protection
Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be
equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation
to keep airborne concentrations low.
OSHA Vacated PELs: Benzoic
acid: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Eyes: Wear appropriate
protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and
face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to
prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program
that meets OSHA's 29 CFR §1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European
Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a
Section 9 - Physical
and Chemical Properties
Odor: pleasant odor
pH: 2.8 (sat soln)
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg @ 96 deg C
Vapor Density: 4.21 (air=1)
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 249 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:122-123 deg C
Temperature: 571 deg C ( 1,059.80 deg F)
Flash Point: 121 deg C (
249.80 deg F)
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Solubility: Slightly soluble.
Section 10 -
Stability and Reactivity
Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Volatile in
Conditions to Avoid: Dust generation, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents,
strong bases, amines, ammonia, isocyanates.
Products: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Polymerization: Has not been reported
Section 11 -
CAS# 65-85-0: DG0875000
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Severe;
Draize test, rabbit,
skin: 500 mg/24H Mild;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = >26 mg/m3/1H;
mouse: LD50 = 1940 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 1700 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50
= >10 gm/kg;
CAS# 65-85-0: Not listed
by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: No information
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Benzoic acid and sodium benzoate have been tested for mutagenicity or
genotoxicity in prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and several mammalian test systems. No
positive results have been reported. RTECS data for benzoic acid: Mutations in
microorganisms: Escherichia coli = 10 mmol/L. DNA inhibition: Human lymphocyte =
5 mmol/L. EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Negative: Histidine reversion-Ames test; S
Other Studies: Standard Draize Test:
Administration onto the skin (rabbit) = 500 mg/24H (Mild). Standard Draize Test:
Administrati on into the eye (rabbit) = 100 mg (Severe). Standard Dra ize Test:
Administration onto skin (human) = 22mg/3D (Interm ittent)--(Moderate).
Section 12 -
Fish: Mosquito Fish: LC50 = 180 mg/L; 96 Hr; Unspecified ria: Phytobacterium
phosphoreum: EC50 = 16.9 mg/L; 96 Hr; Microtox test @ 15°C If released on land,
benzoic acid should leach into the ground due to its low soil adsorption and
biodegrade (half-life <1 wk). If released in water, benzoic acid should also
readily biodegrade (half-life 0.2-3.6 days). Adsorption to sediment and
volatilization should not be significant.
Physical: No information available.
Other: No information available.
Section 13 - Disposal
Chemical waste generators
must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR
Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local
hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 -
||No information available.
||REGULATED LIMIT 230
Section 15 -
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on the TSCA
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the
chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals
in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CAS# 65-85-0: final RQ = 5000 pounds (2270 kg)
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 65-85-0: acute.
No chemicals are
reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
This material does
not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any
Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed as a Hazardous
Substance under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as
Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are
listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the
chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 65-85-0 can be found on the following state right to
know lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product
are listed. European/International Regulations
Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 65-85-0: 1
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 65-85-0
is listed on Canada's DSL List.
This product has a WHMIS classification of
CAS# 65-85-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 -
MSDS Creation Date:
Revision #5 Date: 9/28/2001
The information above is
believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available
to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty,
express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability
resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine
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shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or
for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or
exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the
possibility of such damages.