Material Safety Data
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company
MSDS Name: Ammonium Hydroxide
Catalog Numbers: A470-250, A512-500, A564-200L, A564-20L,
A564-212L, A564-500, A667-212, A669-212, A669-385LB, A669-500, A669-612GAL,
A669C-2.5, A669C-212, A669FP500, A669S-2.5, A669S-212, A669S-500, A669S212E,
A669S212EA, A669S212LC, A699P500, S70663MF, S70665, S70665-1, S70665MF, S75029,
Synonyms: Ammonium Hydrate; Ammonia Solution; Ammonia Water;
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance,
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
Section 2 -
Composition, Information on Ingredients
Symbols: T C
Risk Phrases: 25 34
Section 3 - Hazards
Appearance: colourless. Danger! Corrosive. Causes eye and
skin burns. Causes digestive and respiratory tract burns. Toxic. Lachrymator
(substance which increases the flow of tears). Harmful if swallowed.
Target Organs: Eyes, skin, mucous membranes.
Potential Health Effects
Eye: Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe
burns and possible irreversible eye damage.
severe skin irritation. Causes skin burns. May cause deep, penetrating ulcers of
the skin. Contact with the skin may cause staining, inflammation, and thickening
of the skin.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause
severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal
tract burns. Causes throat constriction, vomiting, convulsions, and shock.
Inhalation: Effects may be delayed. Causes severe
irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing
difficulty, and possible coma.
Chronic: Chronic ingestion
may cause effects similar to those of acute ingestion. Prolonged or repeated
exposure may cause corneal damage and the development of cataracts and glaucoma.
Section 4 - First Aid
Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow
victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required
(at least 30 minutes).
Skin: In case of contact,
immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while
removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid immediately. Wash
clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do NOT
induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately. If victim is fully conscious, give
a cupful of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not
breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: After inhalation
exposure, observe for 24 to 72 hours as pulmonary edema may be delayed.
Section 5 - Fire
Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus
in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective
gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by
thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed
containers cool. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the
ground and collect in low or confined areas. Contact with metals may evolve
flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. Non-combustible,
substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce
corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Extinguishing Media: For
small fires, use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or chemical foam. Do
NOT get water inside containers. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon
dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. Cool containers with flooding
quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Section 6 -
Accidental Release Measures
Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in
Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material
(e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Neutralize
spill with a weak acid such as vinegar or acetic acid. Avoid runoff into storm
sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately,
observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.
Section 7 - Handling
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove
contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well-ventilated area.
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do
not ingest or inhale. Discard contaminated shoes.
Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a
cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives
Section 8 - Exposure
Controls, Personal Protection
Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be
equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation
to keep airborne concentrations low.
||25 ppm TWA; 35 ppm STEL
||25 ppm TWA; 18 mg/m3 TWA 300 ppm IDLH
||50 ppm TWA; 35 mg/m3 TWA|
OSHA Vacated PELs: Ammonium
hydroxide: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical. Ammonia: 35 ppm
STEL; 27 mg/m3 STEL Water: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear chemical goggles.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective
gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate
protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: Follow the
OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149.
Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when
Section 9 - Physical
and Chemical Properties
Odor: strong odor -
pH: 13.6 at 32F.
Vapor Pressure: 115 mm Hg
Vapor Density: 1.2 (Air=1)
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 36 deg
Freezing/Melting Point:-77 deg C
Temperature: 1202 deg F ( 650.00 deg C)
Flash Point: Not
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Rating: (estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0
Explosion Limits, Lower:16.0
Solubility: Completely soluble in water.
Molecular Formula:Not applicable.
Molecular Weight:Not available.
Section 10 -
Stability and Reactivity
Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
to Avoid: High temperatures, incompatible materials.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Acrolein, acrylic acid,
chlorosulfonic acid, dimethyl sulfate, fluorine, gold + aqua regia, hydrochloric
acid, hydrofluoric acid, iodine, nitric acid, oleum, propiolactone, propylene
oxide, silver nitrate, silver oxide, silver oxide + ethyl alcohol, nitromethane,
silver permanganate, sulfuric acid, halogens. Forms explosive compounds with
many heavy metals and halide salts.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ammonia (NH3).
Has not been reported.
Section 11 -
CAS# 1336-21-6: BQ9625000
CAS# 7664-41-7: BO0875000
CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 250 ug Severe;
Draize test, rabbit,
eye: 44 ug Severe;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 350 mg/kg;
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 4230 ppm/1H;
Inhalation, rabbit: LC50
= 7 gm/m3/1H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 2000 ppm/4H;
Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg;
CAS# 1336-21-6: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH,
NTP, or OSHA. CAS# 7664-41-7: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
CAS# 7732-18-5: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: No information available.
Standard Draize Test: Administration into the eye (rabbit) = 250 ug (Severe).
Section 12 -
Fish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 0.008 mg/L; 24 Hr.; Unspecified Fathead Minnow: LC50
= 8.2 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Unspecified Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 0.024-0.093 mg/L; 48
Hr.; Unspecified flea Daphnia: EC50 =0.66 mg/L; 48 Hr.; 22 degrees C Bluegill
LC50=0.024 to 0.093 mg/L/48H Goldfish TLm=2.0 to 2.5 mg/L/24-96H
Environmental: No information reported.
Section 13 - Disposal
Chemical waste generators
must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR
Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local
hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 -
Section 15 -
CAS# 1336-21-6 is listed on the TSCA
CAS# 7664-41-7 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are
under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are
listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 1336-21-6: final RQ =
1000 pounds (454 kg) CAS# 7664-41-7: final RQ = 100 pounds (45.4 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
CAS# 7664-41-7: TPQ = 500 pounds; RQ = 100
pounds (does not meet toxi city criteria but because of high production volume
and recognized tox icity is considered a chemical of concern)
CAS # 1336-21-6: acute, chronic.
material contains Ammonia (CAS# 7664-41-7, 22 30%),which is subject to the
reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air
pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This
material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
CAS# 1336-21-6 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
CAS# 7664-41-7 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. None of the
chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None
of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
CAS# 7664-41-7 is considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 1336-21-6 can be found on the following state right to
know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
7664-41-7 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California,
New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.
Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in
Accordance with EC Directives
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
R 34 Causes burns.
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of
water and seek medical advice.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel
medical advice immediately (show the label where
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 1336-21-6: 2
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
CAS# 1336-21-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS#
1336-21-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7664-41-7 is listed on Canada's
DSL List. CAS# 7664-41-7 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7732-18-5 is
listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
This product has a WHMIS classification of D1B, E.
1336-21-6 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not
listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7664-41-7: OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3)
L-AUSTRALIA:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3);STEL 35 ppm (27 mg/m3)
TWA 50 ppm (35 mg/m3) OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 25 ppm (17 mg/m3);STEL 35
24 mg/m3) OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 20 mg/m3;STEL 40 mg/m3
TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3) OEL-FINLAND:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3);STEL 40
30 mg/m3) OEL-FRANCE:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3);STEL 50 ppm (36 mg/m3)
L-GERMANY:TWA 50 ppm (35 mg/m3) OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 18 mg/m3;STEL 27 mg/m
OEL-INDIA:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3);STEL 35 ppm (27 mg/m3) OEL-JAPAN:T
WA 25 ppm
(17 mg/m3) OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3) OEL-T
50 ppm (30 mg/m3) OEL-POLAND:TWA 20 mg/m3;STEL 20
mg/m3 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 25
ppm;STEL 20 mg/m3 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 25 ppm (18
mg/m3);STEL 50 ppm (35 mg/m3)
OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3);S
TEL 50 ppm (36 mg/m3)
OEL-THAILAND:TWA 50 ppm (35 mg/m3) OEL-TURKEY:
TWA 25 ppm (35 mg/m3)
OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 25 ppm (18 mg/m3);STEL 3
5 ppm (27 mg/m3) OEL IN
BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH
TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND,
SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV
Section 16 -
MSDS Creation Date:
Revision #4 Date: 7/20/2001
The information above is
believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available
to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty,
express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability
resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine
the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event
shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or
for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or
exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the
possibility of such damages.