Material Safety Data Sheet
Potassium Chromate, certified ACS, granular

ACC# 19320
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Potassium Chromate, certified ACS, granular
Catalog Numbers: S77393, P220-100, P220-3, P220-500, S71231-3
Synonyms:
Chromic acid, dipotassium salt; Chromate of potassium; Neutral potassium chromate
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
201-796-7100
Emergency Number:
201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
7789-00-6 Chromic acid dipotassium salt >99.5 232-140-5

Hazard Symbols:
T N
Risk Phrases:
36/37/38 43 46 49 50/53

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

Appearance: yellow. Danger! May cause allergic respiratory reaction. May cause cancer in humans. May cause severe eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation with possible burns. May cause severe digestive tract irritation. Strong oxidizer. Contact with other material may cause a fire.
Target Organs: Kidneys, liver.


Potential Health Effects
Eye: Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns. Exposure to particulates or solution may cause conjunctivitis, ulceration, and corneal abnormalities.
Skin: May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. Contact with skin causes irritation and possible burns, especially if the skin is wet or moist. May cause dermatitis.
Ingestion: May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation: May cause asthmatic attacks due to allergic sensitization of the respiratory tract. May cause ulceration and perforation of the nasal septum if inhaled in excessive quantities. May cause severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract with pain, burns, and inflammation. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. May cause chemical bronchitis with coughing and difficulty in breathing.
Chronic: Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion. Prolonged or repeated exposure may lead to asthma and perforation of the nasal septum. Repeated inhalation may cause chronic bronchitis. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause cancer in humans.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures


Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin: Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Antidote: None reported.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Oxidizer. Greatly increases the burning rate of combustible materials. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media: Do NOT use dry chemicals, CO2, Halon or foams. Use water only in flooding quantities as fog.

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage


Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with clothing and other combustible materials. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Discard contaminated shoes.
Storage: Do not store near combustible materials. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep containers tightly closed.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection


Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Chromic acid dipotassium salt none listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Chromic acid dipotassium salt: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use. Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State: Solid
Appearance: yellow
Odor: odorless
pH: 8.6-9.8 (5% soln)
Vapor Pressure: 0
Vapor Density: Not applicable.
Evaporation Rate:Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point:975 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: None reported.
Flash Point: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 0
Explosion Limits, Lower:None reported.
Upper: None reported.
Solubility: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 2.7320
Molecular Formula:K2CrO4
Molecular Weight:194.20

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Hydrazine, combustible, organic, or other readily oxidizable materials: paper, wood, sulfur, aluminum, plastics, chromic acid, chromates.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Oxides of potassium, toxic chromium oxide fumes.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#:
CAS# 7789-00-6: GB2940000
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 7789-00-6:
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 180 mg/kg;
Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 7789-00-6:
ACGIH: A1 - Confirmed Human Carcinogen (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds- water solubl
California: carcinogen; initial date 2/27/87 (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds).
NTP: Known carcinogen (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds).
OSHA: Select carcinogen (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds).
IARC: Group 3 carcinogen (listed as Chromium).
Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: TDLo (Intraperitoneal,mouse)=30 mg/kg
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: Mutation in microorganisms(Salmonella typhimurium)= 35 ug/plateMutation in microorganisms(Salmonella typhimurium)= 10 ug/plate
Other Studies: No data available.

Section 12 - Ecological Information


Ecotoxicity: No data available. LC50 Physa heterostropha (snail) 31,600 ug/l as chromium; water hardness as 171 mg/l as calcium carbonate; static unmeasured method LC50 Daphnia magna (Cladoceran) 137,66.7 and 15.3 ug/l as chromium; water hardnesses of 212,188 and 50 as calciium carbonate, respectively, and with pH values of 8.2 to 8.4, 7.5 to 7.5 to 7.6, and 7.5, respectively; static measured method.
Environmental: Aquatic Fate: Cr(VI) exists in solution as hydrochromate, chromate, and dichromate ionic species. The proportion of each ion in solution is dependent on pH. In strongly basic and neutral pHs, the chromate form predominates. Chromium is present usually as Cr(III) in the soil and is characterized by its lack of mobility, except in cases where Cr(VI) is involved. Chromium (VI) of natural origin is rarely found.
Physical: As the pH is lowered, the hydrochromate concentration increases. At very low pHs, the dichromate species predominates. In the pH ranges encountered in natural water, the predominant forms are hydrochromate ions (63.6%) at pH 6.0 to 6.2 and chromate ion (95.7%) at pH 7.8 to 8.5. The oxidizing ability of Cr(VI) in aqueous solution is pH dependent.
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

US DOT IATA RID/ADR IMO Canada TDG
Shipping Name: OXIDIZING SOLID,N.O.S. (POTASSIUM CHROMATE) POTASSIUM CHROMATE
Hazard Class: 5.1 9.2
UN Number: UN1479 UN9142
Packing Group: II III
Additional Info: REGULATED LIMIT 50KG

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US FEDERAL

TSCA
CAS# 7789-00-6 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
CAS# 7789-00-6: 6/12b
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
SARA

Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 7789-00-6: final RQ = 10 pounds (4.54 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
CAS # 7789-00-6: acute, chronic.
Section 313
This material contains Chromic acid dipotassium salt (listed as ** undefined **), 99 5%, (CAS# 7789-00-6) which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7789-00-6 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
OSHA:
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
STATE
CAS# 7789-00-6 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed. European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
T N
Risk Phrases:

R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
R 43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.
R 46 May cause heritable genetic damage.
R 49 May cause cancer by inhalation.
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms; may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

Safety Phrases:

S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
before use.
S 60 This material and/or its container must be
disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/Safety data sheets.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

CAS# 7789-00-6: 2
Canada
CAS# 7789-00-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7789-00-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
This product has a WHMIS classification of C, D2A.
CAS# 7789-00-6 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits
CAS# 7789-00-6 (listed as ** undefined **): OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt
:TWA 0.05 mg/m3 OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 0.05 mg/m3 OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 0.5 mg/
m3 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 0.5 mg/m3 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 0.01 mg/m3 OEL-FRANCE:
TWA 0.5 mg/m3 OEL-JAPAN:TWA 0.5 mg/m3 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 0.5 mg
/m3 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 0.5 mg/m3 OEL-UN
ITED KINGDOM:TWA 0.5 mg/m3 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA c
heck ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 2/24/1999
Revision #3 Date: 8/20/2001
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.