Material Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Potassium dichromate
AC196590000, AC196590020, AC196590500, AC196595000, AC197760000,
AC197760010, AC197765000, AC325590000, AC424110000, AC424110050,
AC424110500, AC424115000, AC9521839, AC9654808, S77435, S77435-1, S77435-2,
S93333, P186-3, P186-500, P188-100, P188-3, P188-30, P188-500
Dichromic acid, dipotassium salt; Dipotassium dichromate; Potassium
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
Chromic acid, dipotassium salt
|| 100 ||231-906-6
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: orange crystalline powder.
Danger! Danger of serious damage to health by
prolonged exposure through inhalation. May be fatal if inhaled or
swallowed. Strong oxidizer. Contact with other material may cause a
fire. Causes burns by all exposure routes. May cause allergic
respiratory and skin reaction. May impair fertility. May cause harm
to the unborn child. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Toxic to
aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the
aquatic environment. Cancer hazard. May cause heritable genetic
damage. May cause sensitization by inhalation and by skin contact.
Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, liver, lungs,
respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, teeth, eyes, skin.
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye burns.
Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Causes skin burns. May cause
skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon
re-exposure to this material.
May be fatal if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May
cause kidney damage. May cause perforation of the digestive tract.
May be fatal if inhaled. May cause allergic respiratory reaction.
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause ulceration and
perforation of the nasal septum if inhaled in excessive quantities.
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause sensitization
dermatitis and possible destruction and/or ulceration. May cause
respiratory tract cancer. May cause liver and kidney damage. May
cause cancer in humans. Laboratory experiments have resulted in
mutagenic effects. Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause erosion and discoloration of
the teeth. May impair fertility.
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid imme
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of
water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious
and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Call
a poison control center.
If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen
and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask. POISON
material. If inhaled, get medical aid immediately. Remove victim to
fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If
breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike
and collect water used to fight fire. Strong oxidizer. Contact with
other material may cause fire. During a fire, irritating and highly
toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may
explode if exposed to fire.
Use water only! Do NOT use dry chemical. Do NOT use halocarbons and
sodium bicarbonate. Do NOT use carbon dioxide or dry chemical.
Contact professional fire-fighters immediately. Cool containers with
flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
(estimated) Health: 4; Flammability: 0; Instability: 1; Special Hazard: OX
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal
container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to
waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the
Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Remove all sources of ignition. Carefully scoop up and place into
appropriate disposal container. Provide ventilation. Do not use
combustible materials such as paper towels to clean up spill.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on
skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from
heat, sparks and flame. Avoid contact with clothing and other
combustible materials. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a
chemical fume hood. Discard contaminated shoes.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Do not store near
combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in
a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Keep away from reducing agents.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped
with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a
chemical fume hood. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof
ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels.
||OSHA - Final PELs|
|Chromic acid, dipotassium salt
0.05 mg/m3 TWA (as Cr) (listed under Chromium (VI) compounds- water soluble).
0.001 mg/m3 TWA (as Cr) (listed under Chromates).15 mg/m3 IDLH (as Cr(VI)) (listed under Chromates).
5 æg/m3 TWA (listed under Chromium (VI) compounds).0.1 mg/m3 Ceiling (as CrO3, applies to any operations or sectors for which the H exavalent Chromium standard [29 CFR 1910.1026] is stayed or is othe
rwise not in effect) (listed under Chromates).2.5 æg/m3 Action Level (as Cr.); 5 æg/m3 TWA (as Cr. Cancer hazard - See 29 CFR 1910.1026) (listed under Chromium (VI) compounds).
OSHA Vacated PELs:
Chromic acid, dipotassium salt:
No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29
CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European
Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace
conditions warrant respirator use.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Crystalline powder
pH: 4 (5% aq. solution)
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 500 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:398 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:500 deg C
Solubility: 125 g/L (20°C)
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, dust generation, excess heat, combustible
materials, organic materials.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Reducing agents, acids, strong bases, acetic anhydride, hydrazine,
hydroxylamine, nitric acid, oils, hydrochloric acid.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Oxygen, oxides of potassium, chromium dioxide, toxic chromium oxide
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
rabbit, eye: 140 mg Severe;
mouse: LD50 = 190 mg/kg;
LD50 = 25 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50
= 14 mg/kg;
Inhalation LC50 (rat): 0.094 mg/l/4H (Merck).
- ACGIH: A1 - Confirmed Human Carcinogen (listed as 'Chromium (VI) compounds- water soluble').
- California: carcinogen, initial date 2/27/87 (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds).
- NTP: Known carcinogen (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds).
- IARC: Group 1 carcinogen
Certain hexavalent chromium compounds have been
demonstrated to be carcinogenic on the basis of
epidemiological investigations on workers and experimental
studies in animals.
Oral, rat: TDLo = 1 gm/kg (female 0-19 day(s) after
conception) Specific Developmental Abnormalities -
musculoskeletal system.; Oral, mouse: TDLo = 1 gm/kg
(female 20 day(s) pre-mating) Effects on Embryo or Fetus -
extra-embryonic structures (e.g., placenta, umbilical
cord) and Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity
(except death, e.g., stunted fetus).
Oral, rat: TDLo = 525 mg/kg (female 21 day(s) after
conception) Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g.
reduction in number of implants per female; total number
of implants per corpora lutea) and Fertility -
post-implantation mortality (e.g. dead and/or resorbed
implants per total number of implants).
Micronucleus Test: Human, Lymphocyte = 300 ug/L.;
Morphological Transformation: Human, Fibroblast = 200
nmol/L.; DNA Damage: Human, Fibroblast = 500 nmol/L.;
Unscheduled DNA Synthesis: Human, Fibroblast = 50 umol/L.;
DNA Inhibition: Human, Fibroblast = 100 umol/L.; DNA
Inhibition: Human, HeLa cell = 13 umol/L.; Mutation Test
Systems - not otherwise specified: Human, Fibroblast = 100
No information found
Section 12 - Ecological Information
Fish: Striped bass: LC50 = 75 mg/L; 96 Hr; Static bioassayFish:
Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 17,300 ug/L; Unspecified; as chromium
(Unspecified)Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 118,000-133,000
ug/L; Unspecified; as chromium (Static unmeasured)Water flea
Daphnia: EC50 =1,570 ug/L; 24 Hr; as chromium (Unspecified)
Chromium probably occurs as the insoluble Cr(III) oxide (Cr2O3.nH2O)
in soil, as the organic matter in soil is expected to reduce any
soluble chromate to insoluble chromic oxide (Cr2O3). Chromium in soil
can be transported to the atmosphere by way of aerosol formation.
Chromium is also transported from soil through runoff and leaching of
Most of the chromium in surface waters may be present in particulate
form as sediment. Some of the particulate chromium would remain as
suspended matter and ultimately be deposited in sediments. Chromium
is present usually as Cr(III) in the soil and is characterized by its
lack of mobility, except in cases where Cr(VI) is involved.
Chromium(VI) of natural origin is rarely found.
No information available.
Dangerous to aquatic life in high concentrations.
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 - Transport Information
||TOXIC SOLIDS, OXIDIZING, N.O.S.
||TOXIC SOLIDS, OXIDIZING, N.O.S.
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 7778-50-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
CAS# 7778-50-9: Section 6, 0.1 % de minimus concentration [see 40 CFR 749.68]
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 7778-50-9: 10 lb final RQ; 4.54 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 7778-50-9: delayed.
This material contains Chromic
acid, dipotassium salt (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds), 100%,
(CAS# 7778-50-9) which is subject to the reporting requirements of
Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7778-50-9 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this
product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this
product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 7778-50-9 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota, (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds- water
soluble), Minnesota, (listed as Chromium (VI) compounds),
California Prop 65
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Chromic acid, dipotassium salt,
listed as `Chromium (VI) compounds', a chemical known to the state of
California to cause cancer.
California No Significant Risk Level:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
T+ O N
R 21 Harmful in contact with skin.
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
R 26 Very toxic by inhalation.
R 34 Causes burns.
R 42/43 May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
R 45 May cause cancer.
R 46 May cause heritable genetic damage.
R 8 Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
R 48/23 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure through inhalation.
R 60 May impair fertility.
R 61 May cause harm to the unborn child.
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term
adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.
S 60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardou
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions
/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7778-50-9: 3
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 7778-50-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of C, D1A, D2A, E.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 7778-50-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 7/19/1999
Revision #6 Date: 6/18/2007
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.