Material Safety Data Sheet
Hydrochloric Acid 0.01 to 3.0N

ACC# 40067
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Hydrochloric Acid 0.01 to 3.0N
Catalog Numbers: S70041-2, S71944, S74855, S74856, S80036, S80039, A48520, A4854, EMHX0607-1, GILHYDCHLOR, LC153305, MCC--030293, MCC--030294, NC9619313, NC9655533, NC9668809, NC9748699, NC9751086, NC9751601, S70041-3, S718255, S74856MF, S80037, SA431-500, SA48-1, SA48-20, SA48-4, SA48-500, SA50-1, SA50-20, SA50-20LC, SA50-4, SA52-20, SA52-500, SA54-1, SA54-10, SA54-20, SA54-4, SA55, SA60-1, SA62-1, SA814, SA81410, SA81420, SA8144, XX41704L, XX4200LI, XXSLN4426200LI, XXSLNALL0200LI
Chlorohydric acid; Hydrogen chloride; Muriatic acid; Spirits of salt; Hydrochloride.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
Emergency Number:
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
7647-01-0 Hydrochloric acid .03-10.8 231-595-7
7732-18-5 Water 89.2-99. 231-791-2

Hazard Symbols:
Risk Phrases:
34 20

Section 3 - Hazards Identification


Appearance: colorless to slight yellow. Danger! Corrosive. Causes eye and skin burns. May cause severe respiratory tract irritation with possible burns. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with possible burns.
Target Organs: Respiratory system, eyes, skin, circulatory system, mucous membranes.

Potential Health Effects
Eye: May cause irreversible eye injury. Vapor or mist may cause irritation and severe burns. Contact with liquid is corrosive to the eyes and causes severe burns. May cause painful sensitization to light.
Skin: Contact with liquid is corrosive and causes severe burns and ulceration.
Ingestion: May cause circulatory system failure. Causes severe digestive tract burns with abdominal pain, vomiting, and possible death. May cause corrosion and permanent tissue destruction of the esophagus and digestive tract.
Inhalation: May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Exposure to the mist and vapor may erode exposed teeth. Causes corrosive action on the mucous membranes.
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Repeated exposure may cause erosion of teeth. May cause fetal effects. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Prolonged exposure may cause conjunctivitis, photosensitization, and possible blindness.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required (at least 30 minutes). SPEEDY ACTION IS CRITICAL!
Skin: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately. If victim is fully conscious, give a cupful of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: Do NOT use sodium bicarbonate in an attempt to neutralize the acid.
Antidote: Do NOT use oils or ointments in eye.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Not flammable, but reacts with most metals to form flammable hydrogen gas. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Reaction with water may generate much heat which will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Containers may explode when heated. Approach fire from upwind to avoid hazardous vapors and toxic decomposition products.
Extinguishing Media: For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Substance is nonflammable; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire. Do NOT get water inside containers. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Most foams will react with the material and release corrosive/toxic gases. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. For small fires, use carbon dioxide (except for cyanides), dry chemical, dry sand, and alcohol-resistant foam.

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Large spills may be neutralized with dilute alkaline solutions of soda ash, or lime. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Cover with dry earth, dry sand, or other non-combustible material followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading and contact with water.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well-ventilated area. Contents may develop pressure upon prolonged storage. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Discard contaminated shoes. Use caution when opening. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Storage: Do not store in direct sunlight. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area. Do not store in metal containers. Do not store near flammable or oxidizing substances (especially nitric acid or chlorates). Store away from alkalies.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Hydrochloric acid C 5 ppm 50 ppm IDLH C 5 ppm; C 7 mg/m3
Water none listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Hydrochloric acid: C 5 ppm; C 7 mg/m3 Water: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles.
Skin: Wear neoprene or polyvinyl chloride gloves to prevent exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State: Clear liquid
Appearance: colorless to slight yellow
Odor: strong, pungent
pH: 0.10 (1.0N soln)
Vapor Pressure: 160 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 1.26 (air=1)
Evaporation Rate:>1(N-butyl acetate = 1)
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 81.5-110 deg C @ 760 mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point:-17 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 1
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
Solubility: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:1.16 (water=1)
Molecular Formula:HCl
Molecular Weight:36.46

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid: Mechanical shock, metals, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Bases, acetic anhydride, alkali metals, aluminum, amines, copper, copper alloys, fluorine, iron, sodium hydroxide, steel, sulfuric acid, vinyl acetate, zinc, potassium permanganate, cesium acetylene carbide, rubidium acetylene carbide, rubidium carbide, sodium, chlorosulfonic acid, oleum, carbonates, perchloric acid, calcium phosphide, metal oxides, acetates, cesium carbide, beta-propiolactone, ethyleneimine, propylene oxide, lithium silicides, alcohols + hydrogen cyanide, 2-aminoethanol, ammonium hydroxide, calcium carbide, 1,1-difluoroethylene, ethylene diamine, magnesium boride, mercuric sulfate, silver perchlorate + carbon tetrachloride, uranium phosphide.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Hydrogen chloride, chlorine, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen gas.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

CAS# 7647-01-0: MW4025000
CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000
CAS# 7647-01-0:
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 1108 ppm/1H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 3124 ppm/1H;
Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 900 mg/kg;
CAS# 7732-18-5:
Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg;
CAS# 7647-01-0:
IARC: Group 3 carcinogen CAS# 7732-18-5: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: Experimental reproductive effects have been reported.
Teratogenicity: Embryo or Fetus: Stunted fetus, Inhalation, rat TCL0=450 mg/m3/1H Specific Developmental Abnormalities: homeostatis, ihl-rat TCL0=450 mg/m3/1H (female 1 days pre-mating).
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: Cytogenetic analysis: Hamster, lung = 30 mmol/L.; Cytogenetic analysis: Hamster, ovary = 8 mmol/L.
Other Studies: No data available.

Section 12 - Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: 3.6 mg/L; 48 Hr; Lethal (unspecified) Bluegill/Sunfish: LD50; 96 Hr; pH 3.0-3.5 No data available.
Environmental: Rapidly hydrolyzes when exposed to water. Will exhibit extensive evaporation from soil surfaces. Upon transport through the soil, hydrochloric acid will dissolve some of the soil materials (especially those with carbonate bases) and the acid will neutralize to some degree.
Physical: Log P(oct) = .25 (calculated)
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

Hazard Class: 8 8(9.2)
UN Number: UN1789 UN1789
Packing Group: II II

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


CAS# 7647-01-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.

Section 302 (RQ)
CAS# 7647-01-0: final RQ = 5000 pounds (2270 kg)
Section 302 (TPQ)
CAS# 7647-01-0: TPQ = 500 pounds; RQ = 5000 pounds (does not meet toxi city criteria but because of high production volume and recognized tox icity is considered a chemical of concern)
SARA Codes
CAS # 7647-01-0: acute.
Section 313
This chemical is not at a high enough concentration to be reportable under Section 313. No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 7647-01-0 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7647-01-0 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
CAS# 7647-01-0 is considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 7647-01-0 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed. European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
Risk Phrases:

R 34 Causes burns.
R 20 Harmful by inhalation.

Safety Phrases:

S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

CAS# 7647-01-0: 1
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
CAS# 7647-01-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7647-01-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.

This product has a WHMIS classification of E, D2A.
CAS# 7647-01-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits
CAS# 7647-01-0: OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-AUSTRIA:TWA 5
ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-BELGIUM:STEL 5 ppm (7.7 mg/m3) OEL-DENMARK:STEL 5
ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-FINLAND:STEL 5 ppm (7 mg/m3);Skin OEL-FRANCE:STEL
5 ppm (7.5 mg/m3) OEL-GERMANY:TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-HUNGARY:STEL
5 mg/m3 OEL-JAPAN:STEL 5 ppm (7.5 mg/m3) OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 5 p
pm (7 mg/m3) OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-POLAND:TWA
5 mg/m3 OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 5 ppm (5 mg/m3) OEL-SWEDEN:STEL 5 ppm (8 mg/
m3) OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 5 ppm (7.5 mg/m3);STEL 10 ppm (15 mg/m3) OEL
-THAILAND:TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-TURKEY:TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL-UNI
TED KINGDOM:TWA 5 ppm (7 mg/m3);STEL 5 ppm (7 mg/m3) OEL IN BULGARIA,

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 4/14/1999
Revision #3 Date: 8/02/2000
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.